In this tutorial you will learn how to install CentOS 8.1 Linux Operating system on Oracle VM VirtualBox on Windows 10 OS.
Steps 1 through Step 8 is like setting up the infrastructure. For example, assume you are buying a new PC or Laptop. You might want to have a proper configuration like Hard Disk and RAM. The Steps 1 to Step 8 will help us configure that infrastructure. Next set of steps will focus on installing the OS of the choice (in our case CentOS 8.1) on this configuration.
Step 1: Download CentOS 8.1 ISO
CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso from nearest mirror to your location. You can choose the nearest possible mirror from the CentOS downloads mirror list page here. Alternatively you can visit this url to download CentOS 8.1.1911 from Mirror.
I’m downloading CentOS 8.1 from Asia India mirror http://centos.excellmedia.net/8.1.1911/
Step 2: Install Oracle VM Virtualbox 6.0
Download the Oracle VM VirtualBox from the offical Oracle VM VirtualBox downloads page. Ensure you have at least version Oracle VM VirtualBox 6.0 installed on your Windows 10 PC.
Step 3: Create CentOS 8.1 VM
Click on New button and open the Create Virtual Machine wizard. Type the Name of your choice for the instance of CentOS 8.1 being installed. I would like to name it CentOS8.1. Ensure the Type of the VM is
Linux and Version is
Red Hat (64-bit) and click Next.
Step 4: Configure Memory Size
Configure the Memory Size (RAM) in megabytes. Set this to atleast 2048MB. This means we are creating a CentOS 8.1 virtual machine with 2GB RAM.
Note: Ensure that your actual PC or Laptop has enough RAM. If your PC is having just 2GB RM, then this setting is not recommended. In that case set VM’s memory size to 1024MB or 1GB. But this might have serious performance lags.
Step 5: Configure Hard Disk
In the Hard disk wizard step of the CentOS 8.1 Virtual Machine creation, choose the option
Create a virtual hard disk now and click Next.
Step 6: Choose Hard Disk File Type
Choose the Hard disk file type as
VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image) and click Next.
Step 7: Storage on Physical Hard Disk
Choose the option
Dynamically allocated Storage on physical hard disk. The advantage of Dynamically allocated storage is that the hard disk file will only consume the physical hard disk space as it gets filled up (max size is limited to the size of the virtual hard disk which will be configured in the next step), although it will not shrink automatically when the space is freed.
Once you choose the option, click Next.
Step 8: Configure Virtual Hard Disk location & Storage Capacity
Choose the location where the Virtual Hard Disk used by the CentOS 8.1 VM need to be saved. Also set the Size of the virtual hard disk as per your need. It is best to have a minimum of 10GB. I go with 15GB for the size of virtual hard disk. Click Next to proceed mouting the CentOS 8.1 ISO.
Step 9: Mount CentOS 8.1 ISO from Settings
Now we have configured the infrastructure like RAM and Virtual HDD for our CentOS 8.1, now we will install CentOS 8.1 on this infrastructure. You will see the name of the VM you gave during step 3 in the Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager in the left panel. Right Click on it. Under the settings (ctrl + s) navigate to Storage -> Controller IDE -> Optical Drive. Click on the logo that looks like CD or Optical Drive and select the option to
Choose Virtual Optical Disk File....
Locate and Open the
CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso. This is the ISO file we have downloaded in the step 1 and click OK.
Step 10: Start Virtualbox
Go back to Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager and highlight the CentOS8.1 VM. Right click and choose to start the virtual machine. Now we will configure CentOS 8.1 during the first ever boot up of the CentOS 8.1 that happens now.
Step 11: Install CentOS 8.1
You will see the CentOS Linux 8 screen with options
- Install CentOS Linux 8
- Test this media & install CentOS Linux 8
Select the option to
Install CentOS Linux 8 and hit enter to proceed.
Tip: How Move Mouse In & Out of VM
To move in and out of the virtual machine, you can hit right Ctrl key.
Step 12: OS Language Selection
After a while you will land on the Welcome to CentOS Linux 8 installation GUI screen to select language of the CentOS 8.1. Choose English or any language of your choice. Also choose the dialect if available once you choose the language. This probably will be the keyboard layout. But you can also configure to have multiple keyboard layouts in coming steps. Once done with langugae selection, click Continue button.
Step 13: Choose OS Installation Directory
Next you will be prompted to choose the installation directory. Here you can configure the disk addition, storage configuration too. Select
Local Standard Disks that is available with 15GB free space which we have configured in step 8. Also choose
Storage Configuration to be of type
Automatic and click Done.
Step 14: Configure Software Selection – Server with GUI
In the Software selection wizard step, select the
Base Environment as
Server with GUI. Choosing
Server with GUI option will enable to interact with CentOS 8.1 in a graphical user interface mode. Click Done to proceed to next steps.
Step 15: Configure Network & Host Name
To enable internet access from host PC to virtual machine instance of CentOS 8.1, toggle Ethernet(enp0s3) button to ON. Also set the Host Name to the name of your choice and click Apply. I will be giving tutlinks as host name and click Apply. Once you are satisfied with changes click Done button at the top left.
Step 16: Select or Add multiple Keyboard Layouts
As mentioned earlier, you can add multiple keyboard layouts based on the need and click Done.
Step 17: Set Time & Date, Region & City
Set the Region, city time and date on the basis of your respective location and click Done.
Step 18: Begin CentOS 8.1 Installation
With the configured settings in place such as language of the OS being installed, keyboard layout configuration, time, region etc., we can go ahead and begin CentOS 8.1 installation. The installation will take approximately 30 minutes to complete.
Step 19: Create a User
Meanwhile the installation continues, we need to create a user. We can use this user to login to the CentOS 8.1 VM. Click on
User Creation option. Give Full name, username, password and confirm password. Click Done. Remember the password for the user being created.
Step 20: Set Root Password
You also need to set root password. A root password is like the administrator password with which you can have full control over the CentOS 8.1 operating system. Few examples like software installs, changing directory permissions need to have root access. Remember the root password and store it in a safe and secure place or memorize it.
Step 21: Reboot the OS
After the installation completes successfully, you will find the button to Reboot the OS. Click on Reboot to start using the CentOS 8.1
Step 22: Reboot loads ISO again Close it
During the reboot, as we still have the
CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso loaded on our Controller IDE, the VM will try to load the ISO again. So Close the CentOS8.1 Running Oracle VM VirtualBox window and proceed to next step.
Step 23: Un-mount ISO from Settings
In the settings of the CentOS8.1 VM, open settings (ctrl+s) and navigate to Storage -> Controller:IDE. Click the icon that looks like Compact Disk and click the option to Remove Disk from Virtual Drive. This will unmount the ISO from the virtual machine and prevents the starts and reboots from loading ISO again.
Step 24: Start CentOS 8.1
Now, go back to Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager and highlight the CentOS8.1 VM. Right click and choose to start the virtual machine. Choose the default highlighted option
CentOS Linux (4.18.0-147.e18.x86_64) 8 (Core) and hit enter to proceed.
Step 25: Accept Licensing Information
After a while for the first time boot of the CentOS 8.1, you will be prompted to accept the Licence Information. Check the I accept the license agreement. check box and click Done.
Step 26: Finish Configuration
Click on FINISH CONFIGURATION button to proceed to user login screen.
Step 27: Sign In with user Created
Once you are on the User Login Screen, provide password for the user you created in step 19 and click Sign In button. This password is not to be confused with root password.
Step 28: Verify Internet Access in CentOS 8.1 VM
Once you logged into the CentOS 8.1 successfully, open the Firefox and browse website of your choice.
You can go through the following tutorial that has step by step tutorial on how to install and configure CentOS 8.1 with Oracle VM VirtualBox.
Following are the sequence of steps that happen in the video at time (min:sec)
Step 1: Download CentOS 8.1 (00:10) Step 2: Install Oracle VM VirtualBox 6.0 (00:42) Step 3: Create CentOS 8.1 VM (00:48) Step 4: Configure Memory Size (00:59) Step 5: Configure Hard Disk (01:01) Step 6: Choose Hard Disk File Type (01:04) Step 7: Storage on Physical Hard Disk (01:06) Step 8: Configure Virtual Hard Disk location & Storage Capacity (01:10) Step 9: Mount CentOS 8.1 ISO from Settings (01:19) Step 10: Start VirtualBox (1:36) Step 11: Install CentOS 8.1 (01:41) Tip: How Move Mouse In & Out of VM (01:47) Step 12: OS Language Selection (02:05) Step 13: Choose OS Installation Directory (02:12) Step 14: Configure Software Selection : Server with GUI (02:22) Step 15: Configure Network & Host Name (02:35) Step 16: Select Keyboard Layouts (02:51) Step 17: Set Time & Date, Region & City (03:05) Step 18: Begin CentOS 8.1 Installation (03:18) Step 19: Create a User (03:23) Step 20: Set Root Password (03:43) Step 21: Reboot the OS (04:11) Step 22: Close if Reboot loads ISO again(04:24) Step 23: Un-mount ISO from Settings (04:33) Step 24: Start CentOS 8.1 (04:44) Step 25: Accept Licensing Information (05:04) Step 26: Finish Configuration (05:11) Step 27: Sign In with user Created (05:16) Step 28: Verify Internet Access in CentOS 8.1 VM (05:42)