Deploy FastAPI on Azure App Service

In this tutorial we will see how to deploy FastAPI on Azure App Service Linux Plan. The FastAPI will have PostgreSQL database and Asynchronous REST Endpoints. We will create a PostgreSQL database on Azure and App Service Plan to host FastAPI on Azure ☁️.

In case you are interested in development of the FastAPI app that is being deployed in this tutorial, it is recommended to go through the article that will walk you through Implementing Async REST APIs in FastAPI with PostgreSQL CRUD.

Prerequisites

  • Internet Connectivity
  • Github account
  • Azure Account
    • Azure App Service (Linux, F1: Free or B1: Basic)
    • Azure Database for PostgreSQL servers (Basic, 1 vCore(s), 50 GB)

Deploy FastAPI on Azure App Service with PostgreSQL Async RESTAPI - TutLinks
Deploy FastAPI on Azure App Service with PostgreSQL Async RESTAPI – TutLinks

We will accomplish the deployment of FastAPI on Azure ☁️ that has asynchronous REST Endpoints and PostgreSQL database as a persistence in three steps

  1. Create & Configure Azure Database for PostgreSQL server
  2. Create & Configure Azure App Service (Linux)
  3. Configure to Deploy FastAPI on Azure App Service from GitHub

Full Source Code of this tutorial is available on fastapi-postgresql-azure-deploybranch of this repository.

Create & Configure Azure Database for PostgreSQL server

Create PostgreSQL server on Azure

Follow these steps to create Azure Database for PostgreSQL server.

  • Login to portal.azure.com
  • Type PostgreSQL in the search box located at the top center of Azure Portal and choose Azure Database for PostgreSQL servers in the Services section of search results.
  • Click on Add button to a new PostgreSQL server
  • Select Azure Database for PostgreSQL deployment option depending on your need. I’ll be choosing Single Server and click Create.
  • Under the Basics tab of Single Server for PostgreSQL configuration wizard provide Project Details, Server Details

Provide Project Details

  • Choose Subscription of your choice in case you have multiple options or proceed with default chosen option.
  • For Resource Group, click on Create new and give a meaningful name such as FastAPI-PostgreSQL-rg

A Resource group provides logical grouping of all the resources you want to maintain for your project. Any new services or features that you want to add that belongs to this project (such as PostgreSQL database or Storage Accounts) can be created and associated to this Resource Group.

Provide Server Details

Enter required settings for this server, including picking a location and configuring the compute and storage resources.

  • Provide Server name as fastapi-pgsql-srv or any other name of your choice
  • Leave the Data source option as is set to None
  • Choose Location of your choice or go on with the default chosen option
  • Choose PostgreSQL server Version of 10 or above
  • For Compute + storage click on Configure server that will land you or server Configure blade
  • Click on Basic tab among three available tabs BasicGeneral Purpose and Memory Optimized
  • Slide vCore to have cores based on your need. I moved the slider to choose 1 vCore
  • Slide Storage to increase or decrease the Basic storage capacity for your PostgreSQL database server
  • Leave all other options as is and click on OK

Create Administrator account for Azure database for PostgreSQL

Provide credentials that will allow you to connect to the PostgreSQL database server.

  • Provide Admin username of your choice
  • Provide Password and ensure the Confirm password to match password provided
  • Click on Review + create and then click Create
  • The database server creation will typically take 5-7 minutes and hold back till the resource creation completes
  • Click on Go to Resource or manually navigate to the PostgreSQL server created

Configure Azure database for PostgreSQL server

Navigate to the PostgreSQL server created and you will be landed on Overview page. Under Settings click on Connection security

Allow access to Azure services

If you want this database server to be access by all Azure Services across Azure Portal including the resources that are not in active subscription where this server lies, toggle the Allow access to Azure services to Yes. I’ll leave it as No which is default as my web app will be within the same subscription that of the database server.

Access Azure PostgreSQL database server from pgAdmin on local PC

In order for you to access the database server on your PC via pgAdmin, then click on Add client IP located at the top of the Connection security page. This will add a Firewall rule name with the IP address of your PC / Laptop from where you want to access this database server via pgAdmin.

  • Leave the Enforce SSL settings to ENABLED unless you want to turn it off for obvious reasons
  • Finally, click on Save button located at the top of the Connection securitypage

Connect to Azure PostgreSQL Database server from pgAdmin

If you do not have PostgreSQL on your PC you may want to install it by following the instructions mentioned in this article Install PostgreSQL Without Admin Rights on Windows 10 OS

Open Create-Server Wizard

Under the Servers tree node to the extreme left, right click on the node, choose create and click on Server… to create a new server. You can also click Add New Server under Quick Links that appears in the center of the page.

Specify a Server Name

Under General tab of the Create – Server wizard, specify the name of the server you want to create. This could be any noticeable name of your choice or something that might indicate the logical name of the data that the database server holds.

Specify Connection Details

To provide values for Connection details, open the Overview page of the PostgreSQL database server on Azure.

  • Provide Host name/address with value of Server name field.
  • Provide Port with value of 5432
  • Provide Username with value of Admin username
  • Provide Password with value given when creating Administrator account with username and password.
  • If you forgot the password, in Overview pane of Azure PostgreSQL server find and click Reset password and then provide Password and Confirm password and save it and provide the same in password textbox of pgAdmin Connection detail.

SSL Configuration

Azure database for PostgreSQL server has default configuration to Enforce SSL connection. So in order for you to be able to connect to it from pgAdmin perform the following while creating server on pgAdmin to connect to it.

  • Click on the SSL tab of the Create - Server popup of pgAdmin
  • Change the value of SSL mode dropdown from Prefer to Require
  • Finally Click on Save and you should be able to see the Azure PostgreSQL server visible in the pgAdmin Servers list
  • The new server will appear in the left pane under the Servers tree as a child node

Create a database in PostgreSQL via pgAdmin4

  • Under the databases you will find the default postgres database
  • Locate and right click on the database node of the Azure database for PostgreSQL server in pgAdmin. Choose create and then click on Database…
  • In the General tab of the Create – Database wizard, give a name of your choice to be set for the new database being created. Feel free to modify the encoding in the Definition tab of the wizard. By default it will be set to UTF-8. I will be giving the database name as fastapi
  • Click on Save to create the database and you should see the new database under the server we have created

Create & Configure Azure App Service (Linux)

Create Azure App Service

Follow the steps to create Azure app service for Linux.

Provide Project Details

  • On Create Web App wizard under Basics tab choose Subscription in case you have multiple options
  • For Resource Group, click on Create new and give a meaningful name such as FastAPI-PostgreSQL-rg

A Resource group provides logical grouping of all the resources you want to maintain for your project. Any new services or features that you want to add that belongs to this project (such as PostgreSQL database or Storage Accounts) can be created and associated to this Resource Group.

Provide Instance Details

  • Provide meaningful name for your FastAPI deployment on Azure App service. It should be unique across all the web app names available in the Azure. I’ll go on with fastapi-pgsql-demo and once the FastAPI is deployed on Azure app service, I will be able to access it via the url fastapi-pgsql-demo.azurewebsites.net. You can provide the App Service name of your choice
  • For Publish mode choose Code. Surprise, no docker is being used here!
  • Choose Runtime stack to be Python 3.6 or higher. I will be choosing Python 3.8
  • Choose Linux as Operating System
  • Leave the Region as default chosen option unless you want to select a different region of your choice

Choose App Service Plan

  • For Linux Plan (Region) click on Create new and Provide a meaningful name for your App Service Plan. I’ll be naming it fastapi-pgsql-asp
  • For Sku and size click on Change size link and you will land on Spec Picker blade. For production workloads you can choose among any of the Standard (S1 / S2 / S3) or Premium (P1V2 / P2V2 / P3V2) pricing tiers. But for the sake of tutorial and save some money 😉 I will go on with the B1. You can also choose the Basic (B1) core for Linux which is free for the first 30 days from the date of creation of App Service Plan. Also, B1 and above plans facilitate to point custom domains or configure custom SSL to all the web apps hosted under this App Service Plan. Free F1 plan does not have these features.
  • Under Dev / Test (For less demanding workloads) tab of Spec Pickerchoose B1 located under Recommended pricing tiers and click on Apply. If you are following this tutorial for practice purposes, do not forget to delete all the resources under the resource group after the tutorial is over.
  • Click on Review + Create and verify all the details and click on Create. The Web App creation will take 3-5 minutes.Once done click on Go to Resource.

Configure Azure App Service

Open the App Service that you have created by manually navigating to it.

  • Under Settings -> Configuration open tab General Settings of App Service
  • Give the Startup Command with the command to start FastAPI on Azure App Service

gunicorn -w 4 -k uvicorn.workers.UvicornWorker main:app

  • Navigate to Settings -> Configuration open tab Application Settingsof App Service
  • Add new application settings with names db_usernamedb_passwordhost_serverdatabase_namessl_mode and db_server_port and corresponding values for each of the settings with that of Azure database for PostgreSQL server created.

Configure to Deploy FastAPI on Azure App Service from GitHub

Perform the following steps to configure a Continuous Deployment of our FastAPI app hosted on GitHub on to Azure App Service. This will ensure that whenever a new commit is pushed to the configured branch, the new changes will be deployed to the Azure App Service.

Disclaimer: It is recommended to have tests and other sanity to be added as a part of the Continuous Delivery pipeline. Ensure to have all tests pass before deploying to avoid any unforeseen surprises.

  • Navigate to Deployment section of our Azure App Service for Linux that we have created and click on Deployment Center
  • On Continuous Deployment (CI / CD) step, choose GitHub and if prompted, authorize your GitHub account by providing credentials and click on Continue to proceed.
  • Choose Build Provider as App Service build service and click on Continue.
  • In Configure step, we will tell where to pull Code from with details as below.
    • Organization – If you have multiple organizations, choose the organization where your FastAPI repo is located. Otherwise go on with default Organization chosen.
    • Repository – Locate and choose the repository based on the name.
    • Branch – Choose the branch to deploy to the Azure App Service every time a change is pushed to.
    • Click on Continue to proceed.
  • In Summary step, verify Source Control properties and build provider and click Finish.
  • Wait for the first initial build to pull the code from configured GitHub repository until you see status Success (Active).Azure App Service Deployment runs the oryx build, an intelligent rule based application builder that has some predefined configurations to detect the code base to be built and performs suitable actions. For example if you are trying to deploy a Python based application, it will automagically install virtual environment and looks for the presence of requirements.txt if any and installs the dependencies. It also try to spin up the application by looking for main.pyor app.py using python interpreter.

After the successful deployment of FastAPI on Azure App service, navigate to your-app-service-name.azurewebsites.net/docs to access the OpenAPI (formerly known as Swagger) spec.

Congratulations 🎉, you have successfully learnt how to deploy FastAPI on Azure App Service. Bookmark 🔖 (Ctrl + D) this page for a quick reference.

Check these resources to deploy FastAPI on other Cloud Platforms

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Navule Pavan Kumar Rao

A Full Stack Software Consultant in the day, a Data Scientist in the evening, an Innovative thinker in the nights. Did I forget to say I am a powerful dreamer during the Mid nights? 😉Education: Executive M.Tech in Data Science, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad. B.Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering.Hobbies: Games, Music, Creative Thinking
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27 days ago

[…] App Services running. Two of the Azure App Services were hosting WordPress and rest other are dummy Python based REST APIs using FastAPI , Flask that no one use. Out of the two WordPress Web App Services, one has mediocre ~150 to ~200 […]